New CA Trial Case

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December is the time to finish this year strong and prepare your law practice for an outstanding 2023. Knowing and applying the new civil case law in your practice areas will help your law practice thrive in 2023.

To instantly get all of our civil case summaries for 2021, and in early January get all of our 2022 civil case summaries, subscribe in December to California Case Summaries Complete™ (to get all of my publications - monthly, quarterly and annual), or to my annual publication California Case Summaries Annual™, or to one of our Annual Practice Area publications for Employment, Real Property or Torts. This is a great two-for-one deal! My one paragraph summaries, that you can read in 2 minutes, help California lawyers easily keep current with the new case law in their practice areas, work up their cases better, settle their cases better, and try their cases better to win more and make more money.

Below is a sample of one of my new civil case summaries.

Batson/Wheeler Motions During Jury Selection

Can a Batson/Wheeler motion address juror challenges based on factors other than race?
Last month, the Second District Court of Appeal published a decision addressing this issue. To find out what they decided, watch the video and read my case summary below.

New Trial Decision  

Unzueta v. Akopyan (2022) _ Cal.App.5th _ , 2022 WL 16748570: The Court of Appeal reversed the judgment for defendant, following a jury trial, in plaintiff’s medical malpractice action. This was the second appeal in the case. In the first appeal the Court of Appeal held the trial court had erred in denying plaintiff’s Batson/Wheeler motion under Batson v. Kentucky (1986) 476 U.S. 79 (Batson) and People v. Wheeler (1978) 22 Cal.3d 258 (Wheeler) challenging defendant’s peremptory challenge of six Hispanic potential jurors, and not requiring defense counsel to offer nondiscriminatory reasons for his first four challenges. On remand, the trial court elicited the defense attorney’s justifications for the six prospective jurors at issue. As to two of the jurors, the defense attorney asserted they were excused because they had a family member who was disabled, and the attorney feared the family member’s disability would cause the juror to be biased in favor of plaintiff who alleged she became disabled due to defendant doctor’s professional negligence. The trial court found the justifications were “race-neutral,” and after analyzing all the challenges, it again denied the Batson/Wheeler motion and reinstated the judgment for defendant. In this appeal, the Court of Appeal ruled the trial court erred in denying the Batson/Wheeler motion upon remand as to the two prospective jurors because it was based upon protected characteristics. Historically Batson/Wheeler motion rulings were based upon whether the challenge was race neutral. However, in 2015 the Legislature expanded the scope of cognizable groups protected under Batson/Wheeler by its enactment of Assembly Bill No. 87 (2015-2016 Reg. Sess.) § 1 (Assembly Bill 87), effective January 1, 2017, which amended Code of Civil Procedure section 231.51 to specify by reference to Government Code section 11135 that peremptory challenges cannot be used to excuse prospective jurors on the basis of their sex, race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, ethnic group identification, age, mental and physical disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, or sexual orientation. Nor can a peremptory challenge be based on the perception the juror possesses one of these characteristics or because of the juror’s association with someone perceived to have one of these characteristics. (C.A. 2nd, November 7, 2022.)

 California Case Summaries™

California Case Summaries Complete: This publication includes our monthly, quarterly and annual publications with one paragraph summaries that can be read in 2 minutes, organized by legal topic, of every new civil case published each year. You'll save serious money by subscribing to this publication instead of separately subscribing to our monthly, quarterly and annual publications! To subscribe, click here.

California Case Summaries Annual: Published early each January. This publication has our excellent one paragraph summaries, organized by legal topic, of every new civil case published each year, with the official case citations. To subscribe, click here. 

California Case Summaries Annual - Employment™: To subscribe, click here. 
California Case Summaries Annual - Real Property™: To subscribe, click here. 
California Case Summaries Annual - Torts™: To subscribe, click here.
Published early each January with our short civil case summaries, organized by legal topic, of every new civil case published each year in these practice areas, with the official case citations.

California Case Summaries Quarterly™: short summaries, organized by legal topic, of every new civil case published by California courts each quarter, with the official case citations.
To subscribe, click here.

 California Case Summaries Monthly™:  short summaries, organized by legal topic, of every new civil case published by California courts every month. To subscribe, click here. 

Join Our Email List: To get my free summaries of the 22 new civil cases published by the California Supreme Court in 2021, click here.

Mediation, Arbitration & Referee Services

I help attorneys and their clients settle cases as a mediator, and decide cases or issues as an arbitrator or referee at ADR Services, Inc. I handle cases in the areas of business, employment, insurance bad faith, insurance coverage, legal malpractice, medical malpractice, personal injury, real property and wrongful death. I conduct Zoom and in-person hearings throughout California.
To schedule a matter, please contact my case managers at ADR Services, Inc., Haward Cho, (213) 683-1600, [email protected] or Rachael Boughan, (619) 233-1323, 
[email protected]. 


Stay safe and healthy.

Best regards,
Monty A. McIntyre, Esq.
California Case Summaries™
Mediator, Arbitrator & Referee
Master Lawyer Mentoring™

CA Civil Trial Attorney Since 1980
ABOTA Member Since 1995
Past President San Diego County Bar Assn., SD ABOTA Chapter
Phone: (619) 990-4312.
Email: [email protected] 

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